October Term 2018

View this list sorted by case name.

October Sitting

Weyerhaeuser Company v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, No. 17-71 [Arg: 10.1.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 11.27.2018]

Holding: An area is eligible for designation as “critical habitat” under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 only if it is habitat for the listed species; and the decision by the secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior not to exclude an area from critical habitat under 16 U. S. C. §1533(b)(2) is subject to judicial review.
Mount Lemmon Fire District v. Guido, No. 17-587 [Arg: 10.1.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 11.6.2018]

Holding: State and local governments are covered employers under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 regardless of the number of employees they have.
Gundy v. U.S., No. 17-6086 [Arg: 10.2.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the federal Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act’s delegation of authority to the attorney general to issue regulations under 42 U.S.C. § 16913 violates the nondelegation doctrine.
Madison v. Alabama, No. 17-7505 [Arg: 10.2.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.27.2019]

Holding: The Eighth Amendment may permit executing a prisoner even if he cannot remember committing his crime, but it may prohibit executing a prisoner who suffers from dementia or another disorder rather than psychotic delusions.
New Prime Inc. v. Oliveira, No. 17-340 [Arg: 10.3.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 01.15.2019]

Holding: A court should determine whether the Federal Arbitration Act’s Section 1 exclusion for disputes involving the “contracts of employment” of certain transportation workers applies before ordering arbitration; here, truck driver Dominic Oliveira’s independent contractor operating agreement with New Prime Inc. falls within that exception.
U.S. v. Stitt, No. 17-765 [Arg: 10.9.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 12.10.2018]

Holding: The term “burglary” in the Armed Career Criminal Act includes burglary of a structure or vehicle that has been adapted or is customarily used for overnight accommodation.
U.S. v. Sims, No. 17-766 [Arg: 10.9.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 12.10.2018]

Holding: The term “burglary” in the Armed Career Criminal Act includes burglary of a structure or vehicle that has been adapted or is customarily used for overnight accommodation.
Stokeling v. U.S., No. 17-5554 [Arg: 10.9.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 01.15.2019]

Holding: The Armed Career Criminal Act’s elements clause encompasses a robbery offense that, like Florida’s law, requires the criminal to overcome the victim’s resistance.
Nielsen v. Preap, No. 16-1363 [Arg: 10.10.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 3.19.2019]

Holding: The judgments of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit -- that respondents, who are deportable for certain specified crimes, are not subject to 8 U. S. C. §1226(c)(2)’s mandatory-detention requirement because they were not arrested by immigration officials as soon as they were released from jail -- are reversed, and the cases are remanded.
Air and Liquid Systems Corp. v. DeVries, No. 17-1104 [Arg: 10.10.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 3.19.2019]

Holding: In the maritime tort context, a product manufacturer has a duty to warn when its product requires incorporation of a part, the manufacturer knows or has reason to know that the integrated product is likely to be dangerous for its intended uses, and the manufacturer has no reason to believe that the product’s users will realize that danger.

November Sitting

Henry Schein Inc. v. Archer and White Sales Inc., No. 17-1272 [Arg: 10.29.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 01.08.2019]

Holding: The “wholly groundless” exception to the general rule that courts must enforce contracts that delegate threshold arbitrability questions to an arbitrator, not a court, is inconsistent with the Federal Arbitration Act and Supreme Court precedent.
Lamps Plus Inc. v. Varela, No. 17-988 [Arg: 10.29.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 04.24.2019]

Holding: Under the Federal Arbitration Act, an ambiguous agreement cannot provide the necessary contractual basis for concluding that the parties agreed to submit to class arbitration.
Washington State Department of Licensing v. Cougar Den Inc., No. 16-1498 [Arg: 10.30.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 3.19.2019]

Holding: The Supreme Court of Washington’s judgment -- that the “right to travel” provision of the 1855 Treaty Between the United States and the Yakama Nation of Indians pre-empts the state’s fuel tax as applied to Cougar Den’s importation of fuel by public highway for sale within the reservation -- is affirmed.
Garza v. Idaho, No. 17-1026 [Arg: 10.30.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.27.2019]

Holding: The presumption of prejudice for Sixth Amendment purposes recognized in Roe v. Flores-Ortega applies regardless of whether a defendant has signed an appeal waiver.
Jam v. Int'l Finance Corp., No. 17-1011 [Arg: 10.31.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.27.2019]

Holding: The International Organizations Immunities Act of 1945 affords international organizations the same immunity from suit that foreign governments enjoy today under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976.
Frank v. Gaos, No. 17-961 [Arg: 10.31.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.20.2019]

Holding: This class action settlement case is remanded for the courts below to address the plaintiffs’ standing in light of Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins.
Virginia Uranium v. Warren, No. 16-1275 [Arg: 11.5.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the Atomic Energy Act pre-empts a state law that on its face regulates an activity within its jurisdiction (here, uranium mining), but has the purpose and effect of regulating the radiological safety hazards of activities entrusted to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (here, the milling of uranium and the management of the resulting tailings). CVSG: 04/09/2018.
Sturgeon v. Frost, No. 17-949 [Arg: 11.5.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 3.26.2019]

Holding: Alaska’s Nation River is not public land; and like all non-public lands and navigable waters within Alaska’s national parks, it is exempt under the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act from the National Park Service’s ordinary regulatory authority.
Bucklew v. Precythe, No. 17-8151 [Arg: 11.6.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 04.01.2019]

Holding: Baze v. Rees and Glossip v. Gross govern all Eighth Amendment challenges alleging that a method of execution inflicts unconstitutionally cruel pain; Russell Bucklew’s as-applied challenge to Missouri’s single-drug execution protocol -- that it would cause him severe pain because of his particular medical condition -- fails to satisfy the Baze-Glossip test.
BNSF Railway Company v. Loos, No. 17-1042 [Arg: 11.6.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.04.2019]

Holding: A railroad’s payment to an employee for working time lost due to an on-the-job injury is taxable “compensation” under the Railroad Retirement Tax Act.
Culbertson v. Berryhill, No. 17-773 [Arg: 11.7.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 01.08.2019]

Holding: The Social Security Act’s fee cap of 25 percent of past-due benefits imposed on attorneys who successfully represent Title II benefit claimants in court proceedings applies only to fees for court representation and not to aggregate fees for both court and agency representation.
Republic of Sudan v. Harrison, No. 16-1094 [Arg: 11.7.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.26.2019]

Holding: When civil process is served on a foreign state under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, 28 U. S. C. §1608(a)(3) requires a mailing to be sent directly to the foreign minister’s office in the foreign state.

December Sitting

Nieves v. Bartlett, No. 17-1174 [Arg: 11.26.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether probable cause defeats a First Amendment retaliatory-arrest claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Apple Inc. v. Pepper, No. 17-204 [Arg: 11.26.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether consumers may sue anyone who delivers goods to them for antitrust damages, even when they seek damages based on prices set by third parties who would be the immediate victims of the alleged offense. CVSG: 05/08/2018.
Nutraceutical Corp. v. Lambert, No. 17-1094 [Arg: 11.27.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.26.2019]

Holding: Rule of Civil Procedure 23(f), which establishes a 14-day deadline to seek permission to appeal an order granting or denying class certification, is not subject to equitable tolling.
Carpenter v. Murphy, No. 17-1107 [Arg: 11.27.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the 1866 territorial boundaries of the Creek Nation within the former Indian Territory of eastern Oklahoma constitute an “Indian reservation” today under 18 U.S.C. § 1151(a).
Timbs v. Indiana, No. 17-1091 [Arg: 11.28.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.20.2019]

Holding: The Eighth Amendment’s excessive fines clause is an incorporated protection applicable to the states under the 14th Amendment’s due process clause.
Dawson v. Steager, No. 17-419 [Arg: 12.3.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 02.20.2019]

Holding: By taxing the federal pension benefits of U.S. Marshals Service retiree James Dawson, while exempting from taxation the pension benefits of certain state and local law enforcement officers, West Virginia unlawfully discriminates against Dawson as 4 U.S.C. §111 forbids.
Lorenzo v. Securities and Exchange Commission, No. 17-1077 [Arg: 12.3.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.27.2019]

Holding: Dissemination of false or misleading statements with intent to defraud can fall within the scope of Securities and Exchange Commission Rules 10b–5(a) and (c), as well as the relevant statutory provisions, even if the disseminator cannot be held liable under Rule 10b–5(b).
Biestek v. Berryhill, No. 17-1184 [Arg: 12.4.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 04.01.2019]

Holding: A vocational expert’s refusal to provide private market-survey data during a Social Security disability benefits hearing upon the applicant’s request does not categorically preclude the testimony from counting as “substantial evidence” in federal court under 42 U. S. C. §405(g).
Helsinn Healthcare S.A. v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA Inc., No. 17-1229 [Arg: 12.4.2018 Trans./Aud.; Decided 01.22.2019]

Holding: The sale of an invention to a third party who is obligated to keep the invention confidential may place the invention “on sale” for purposes of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act, which bars a person from receiving a patent on an invention that was “in public use, on sale, or otherwise available to the public before the effective filing date of the claimed invention,” 35 U. S. C. §102(a)(1).
Gamble v. U.S., No. 17-646 [Arg: 12.6.2018 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the Supreme Court should overrule the “separate sovereigns” exception to the double jeopardy clause.

January Sitting

Obduskey v. McCarthy & Holthus LLP, No. 17-1307 [Arg: 1.7.2019 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.20.2019]

Holding: A business engaged in no more than nonjudicial foreclosure proceedings is not a “debt collector” under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, except for the limited purpose of enforcing security interests under 15 U. S. C. §1692f(6).
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. v. Albrecht, No. 17-290 [Arg: 1.7.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether a state-law failure-to-warn claim is pre-empted when the Food and Drug Administration rejected the drug manufacturer's proposal to warn about the risk after being provided with the relevant scientific data, or whether such a case must go to a jury for conjecture as to why the FDA rejected the proposed warning. CVSG: 05/22/2018.
Fourth Estate Public Benefit Corp. v. Wall-Street.com, No. 17-571 [Arg: 1.8.2019 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.04.2019]

Holding: Registration occurs, and a copyright claimant may commence an infringement suit, when the Copyright Office registers a copyright.
Herrera v. Wyoming, No. 17-532 [Arg: 1.8.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether Wyoming's admission to the Union or the establishment of the Bighorn National Forest abrogated the Crow Tribe of Indians’ 1868 federal treaty right to hunt on the “unoccupied lands of the United States,” thereby permitting the present-day criminal conviction of a Crow member who engaged in subsistence hunting for his family. CVSG: 05/22/2018.
Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt, No. 17-1299 [Arg: 1.9.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether Nevada v. Hall, which permits a sovereign state to be haled into another state’s courts without its consent, should be overruled.
Rimini Street Inc. v. Oracle USA Inc., No. 17-1625 [Arg: 1.14.2019 Trans./Aud.; Decided 03.04.2019]

Holding: A federal district court’s discretion to award “full costs” to a party in copyright litigation pursuant to 17 U. S. C. §505 is limited to the six categories specified in the general costs statute codified at 28 U. S. C. §§1821 and 1920.
Thacker v. Tennessee Valley Authority, No. 17-1201 [Arg: 1.14.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit erred by using a “discretionary-function exception” derived from the Federal Tort Claims Act, from which the Supreme Court generally has declined to borrow rules, instead of the test set forth in Federal Housing Authority v. Burr when testing the immunity of governmental “sue and be sued” entities (like the Tennessee Valley Authority), to immunize the Tennessee Valley Authority from the plaintiffs’ claims.
Home Depot U.S.A. Inc. v. Jackson, No. 17-1471 [Arg: 1.15.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether, under the Class Action Fairness Act – which permits “any defendant” in a state-court class action to remove the action to federal court if it satisfies certain jurisdictional requirements – an original defendant to a class-action claim that was originally asserted as a counterclaim against a co-defendant can remove the class action to federal court if it otherwise satisfies the jurisdictional requirements of the Class Action Fairness Act; and (2) whether the Supreme Court's holding in Shamrock Oil & Gas Co. v. Sheets -- that an original plaintiff may not remove a counterclaim against it -- extends to third-party counterclaim defendants.
Azar v. Allina Health Services, No. 17-1484 [Arg: 1.15.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether 42 U.S.C. § 1395hh(a)(2) or § 1395hh(a)(4) required the Department of Health and Human Services to conduct notice-and-comment rulemaking before providing the challenged instructions to a Medicare administrative contractor making initial determinations of payments due under Medicare.
Knick v. Township of Scott, Pennsylvania, No. 17-647 [Arg: 1.16.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether the Supreme Court should reconsider the portion of Williamson County Regional Planning Commission v. Hamilton Bank that requires property owners to exhaust state court remedies to ripen federal takings claims; and (2) whether Williamson County’s ripeness doctrine bars review of takings claims that assert that a law causes an unconstitutional taking on its face, as the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 10th Circuits hold, or whether facial claims are exempt from Williamson County, as the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 1st, 4th and 7th Circuits hold.
Tennessee Wine & Spirits Retailers Association v. Blair, No. 18-96 [Arg: 1.16.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the 21st Amendment empowers states, consistent with the dormant commerce clause, to regulate liquor sales by granting retail or wholesale licenses only to individuals or entities that have resided in-state for a specified time.

February Sitting

Return Mail Inc. v. U.S. Postal Service, No. 17-1594 [Arg: 2.19.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the government is a “person” who may petition to institute review proceedings under the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act.
Mission Product Holdings Inc. v. Tempnology, LLC, No. 17-1657 [Arg: 2.20.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether, under Section 365 of the Bankruptcy Code, a debtor-licensor’s “rejection” of a license agreement—which “constitutes a breach of such contract,” 11 U.S.C. § 365(g)—terminates rights of the licensee that would survive the licensor’s breach under applicable non-bankruptcy law.
Manhattan Community Access Corp. v. Halleck, No. 17-1702 [Arg: 2.25.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit erred in rejecting the Supreme Court’s state actor tests and instead creating a per se rule that private operators of public access channels are state actors subject to constitutional liability; and (2) whether the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit erred in holding—contrary to the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 6th and District of Columbia Circuits—that private entities operating public access television stations are state actors for constitutional purposes where the state has no control over the private entity’s board or operations.
Mont v. U.S., No. 17-8995 [Arg: 2.26.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether a period of supervised release for one offense is tolled under 18 U.S.C. § 3624(e) during a period of pretrial confinement that upon conviction is credited toward a defendant’s term of imprisonment for another offense.
U.S. v. Haymond, No. 17-1672 [Arg: 2.26.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit erred in holding “unconstitutional and unenforceable” the portions of 18 U.S.C. § 3583(k) that required the district court to revoke the respondent’s 10-year term of supervised release, and to impose five years of reimprisonment, following its finding by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent violated the conditions of his release by knowingly possessing child pornography.
The American Legion v. American Humanist Association, No. 17-1717 [Arg: 2.27.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether a 93-year-old memorial to the fallen of World War I is unconstitutional merely because it is shaped like a cross; (2) whether the constitutionality of a passive display incorporating religious symbolism should be assessed under the tests articulated in Lemon v. Kurtzman, Van Orden v. Perry, Town of Greece v. Galloway or some other test; and (3) whether, if the test from Lemon v. Kurtzman applies, the expenditure of funds for the routine upkeep and maintenance of a cross-shaped war memorial, without more, amounts to an excessive entanglement with religion in violation of the First Amendment.
Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission v. American Humanist Association, No. 18-18 [Arg: 2.27.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether the establishment clause requires the removal or destruction of a 93-year-old memorial to American servicemen who died in World War I solely because the memorial bears the shape of a cross.

March Sitting

Virginia House of Delegates v. Bethune-Hill, No. 18-281 [Arg: 3.18.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether the district court conducted a proper “holistic” analysis of the majority-minority Virginia House of Delegates districts under the prior decision in this case, Bethune-Hill v. Virginia State Board of Elections, even though it ignored a host of evidence, including the overwhelming majority of district lines, which were carried over unchanged from the prior map; the geographic location of population disparities, which imposed severe redistricting constraints and directly impacted which voters were moved into and out of the majority-minority districts; and the degree of constraint the House’s Voting Rights Act compliance goals imposed in implementation, which was minimal; (2) whether the Bethune-Hill “predominance” test is satisfied merely by a lengthy description of ordinary Voting Rights Act compliance measures; (3) whether the district court erred in relying on expert analysis it previously rejected as unreliable and irrelevant and expert analysis that lacked any objective or coherent methodology; (4) whether the district court committed clear error in ignoring the entirety of the house’s evidentiary presentation under the guise of credibility determinations unsupported by the record and predicated on expert testimony that should not have been credited or even admitted; (5) whether Virginia’s choice to draw 11 “safe” majority-minority districts of around or above 55 percent black voting-age population (“BVAP”) was narrowly tailored in light of the discretion the Voting Rights Act afforded covered jurisdictions to “choose to create a certain number of ‘safe’ districts, in which it is highly likely that minority voters will be able to elect the candidate of their choice,” under Georgia v. Ashcroft, or the requirement the Voting Rights Act, as amended, imposed on covered jurisdictions “to prove the absence of racially polarized voting” to justify BVAP reductions towards or below 50 percent BVAP; (6) whether the district court erred in ignoring the district-specific evidence before the house in 2011 justifying safe districts at or above 55 percent BVAP; and (7) whether appellants have standing to bring this appeal.
Smith v. Berryhill, No. 17-1606 [Arg: 3.18.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the decision of the Appeals Council—the administrative body that hears a claimant’s appeal of an adverse decision of an administrative law judge regarding a disability benefit claim—to reject a disability claim on the ground that the claimant’s appeal was untimely is a “final decision” subject to judicial review under Section 405(g) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Cochise Consultancy Inc. v. U.S., ex rel. Hunt, No. 18-315 [Arg: 3.19.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether a relator in a False Claims Act qui tam action may rely on the statute of limitations in 31 U.S.C. § 3731(b)(2) in a suit in which the United States has declined to intervene and, if so, whether the relator constitutes an “official of the United States” for purposes of Section 3731(b)(2).
Flowers v. Mississippi, No. 17-9572 [Arg: 3.20.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the Mississippi Supreme Court erred in how it applied Batson v. Kentucky in this case.
PDR Network, LLC v. Carlton & Harris Chiropractic Inc., No. 17-1705 [Arg: 3.25.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the Hobbs Act required the district court in this case to accept the Federal Communication Commission's legal interpretation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act.
The Dutra Group v. Batterton, No. 18-266 [Arg: 3.25.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether punitive damages may be awarded to a Jones Act seaman in a personal-injury suit alleging a breach of the general maritime duty to provide a seaworthy vessel.
Lamone v. Benisek, No. 18-726 [Arg: 3.26.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): In case in which the plaintiffs allege that a Maryland congressional district was gerrymandered to retaliate against them for their political views: (1) whether the various legal claims articulated by the three-judge district court are unmanageable; (2) whether the three-judge district court erred when, in granting plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment, it resolved disputes of material fact as to multiple elements of plaintiffs’ claims, failed to view the evidence in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, and treated as “undisputed” evidence that is the subject of still-unresolved hearsay and other evidentiary objections; and (3) whether the three-judge district court abused its discretion in entering an injunction despite the plaintiffs’ years-long delay in seeking injunctive relief, rendering the remedy applicable to at most one election before the next decennial census necessitates another redistricting.
Rucho v. Common Cause, No. 18-422 [Arg: 3.26.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether plaintiffs have standing to press their partisan gerrymandering claims; (2) whether plaintiffs’ partisan gerrymandering claims are justiciable; and (3) whether North Carolina’s 2016 congressional map is, in fact, an unconstitutional partisan gerrymander.
Kisor v. Wilkie, No. 18-15 [Arg: 3.27.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the Supreme Court should overrule Auer v. Robbins and Bowles v. Seminole Rock & Sand Co., which direct courts to defer to an agency’s reasonable interpretation of its own ambiguous regulation.

April Sitting

Iancu v. Brunetti, No. 18-302 [Arg: 4.15.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether Section 2(a) of the Lanham Act’s prohibition on the federal registration of “immoral” or “scandalous” marks is facially invalid under the free speech clause of the First Amendment.
Emulex Corp. v. Varjabedian, No. 18-459 [Arg: 4.15.2019 Trans./Aud.; Decided 04.23.2019]

Issue(s): Whether the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit correctly held, in express disagreement with five other courts of appeals, that Section 14(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 supports an inferred private right of action based on the negligent misstatement or omission made in connection with a tender offer.
Parker Drilling Management Services, Ltd. v. Newton, No. 18-389 [Arg: 4.16.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether, under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, state law is borrowed as the applicable federal law only when there is a gap in the coverage of federal law, as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit has held, or whenever state law pertains to the subject matter of a lawsuit and is not pre-empted by inconsistent federal law, as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit has held.
North Carolina Department of Revenue v. The Kimberley Rice Kaestner 1992 Family Trust, No. 18-457 [Arg: 4.16.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the due process clause prohibits states from taxing trusts based on trust beneficiaries’ in-state residency.
U.S. v. Davis, No. 18-431 [Arg: 4.17.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the subsection-specific definition of “crime of violence” in 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(3)(B), which applies only in the limited context of a federal criminal prosecution for possessing, using or carrying a firearm in connection with acts comprising such a crime, is unconstitutionally vague.
McDonough v. Smith, No. 18-485 [Arg: 4.17.2019 Trans./Aud.]

Issue(s): Whether the statute of limitations for a Section 1983 claim based on fabrication of evidence in criminal proceedings begins to run when those proceedings terminate in the defendant’s favor, as the majority of circuits have held, or whether it begins to run when the defendant becomes aware of the tainted evidence and its improper use, as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit held below.
Food Marketing Institute v. Argus Leader Media, No. 18-481 [Arg: 4.22.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether the statutory term “confidential” in the Freedom of Information Act’s Exemption 4 bears its ordinary meaning, thus requiring the government to withhold all “commercial or financial information” that is confidentially held and not publicly disseminated—regardless of whether a party establishes substantial competitive harm from disclosure—which would resolve at least five circuit splits; and (2) whether, in the alternative, if the Supreme Court retains the substantial-competitive-harm test, that test is satisfied when the requested information could be potentially useful to a competitor, as the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 1st and 10th Circuits have held, or whether the party opposing disclosure must establish with near certainty a defined competitive harm like lost market share, as the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 9th and District of Columbia Circuits have held, and as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit required here.
Fort Bend County, Texas v. Davis, No. 18-525 [Arg: 4.22.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether Title VII’s administrative-exhaustion requirement is a jurisdictional prerequisite to suit, as three circuits have held, or a waivable claim-processing rule, as eight circuits have held.
Rehaif v. U.S., No. 17-9560 [Arg: 4.23.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether the “knowingly” provision of 18 U.S.C. § 924(a)(2) applies to both the possession and status elements of a § 922(g) crime, or whether it applies only to the possession element.
Mitchell v. Wisconsin, No. 18-6210 [Arg: 4.23.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether a statute authorizing a blood draw from an unconscious motorist provides an exception to the Fourth Amendment warrant requirement.
Department of Commerce v. New York, No. 18-966 [Arg: 4.23.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): (1) Whether the district court erred in enjoining the secretary of the Department of Commerce from reinstating a question about citizenship to the 2020 decennial census on the ground that the secretary’s decision violated the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq; (2) whether, in an action seeking to set aside agency action under the APA, a district court may order discovery outside the administrative record to probe the mental processes of the agency decisionmaker -- including by compelling the testimony of high-ranking executive branch officials -- without a strong showing that the decisionmaker disbelieved the objective reasons in the administrative record, irreversibly prejudged the issue, or acted on a legally forbidden basis; and (3) whether the secretary’s decision to add a citizenship question to the decennial census violated the enumeration clause of the U.S. Constitution.
Quarles v. U.S., No. 17-778 [Arg: 4.24.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether Taylor v. United States’ definition of generic burglary requires proof that intent to commit a crime was present at the time of unlawful entry or first unlawful remaining, as two circuits hold; or whether it is enough that the defendant formed the intent to commit a crime at any time while “remaining in” the building or structure, as the court below and three other circuits hold.
Taggart v. Lorenzen, No. 18-489 [Arg: 4.24.2019 Trans.]

Issue(s): Whether, under the Bankruptcy Code, a creditor’s good-faith belief that the discharge injunction does not apply precludes a finding of civil contempt.

Decided without oral argument

City of Escondido, California v. Emmons, No. 17-1660 [ Decided 1.7.2019]

Holding: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit failed to conduct the analysis required by Supreme Court precedents in determining whether two Escondido police officers were entitled to qualified immunity.
Shoop v. Hill, No. 18-56 [ Decided 1.7.2019]

Holding: Because Danny Hill’s intellectual disability claim must be evaluated based solely on holdings of the Supreme Court that were clearly established at the time the state-court decisions were rendered, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit’s reliance on Moore v. Texas -- which was handed down much later -- was plainly improper.
Yovino v. Rizo, No. 18-272 [ Decided 2.25.2019]

Holding: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit erred when it counted as a member of the majority a judge who died before the court’s opinion in this case was filed.
Moore v. Texas, No. 18-443 [ Decided 2.19.2019]

Holding: The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals’ redetermination that Bobby James Moore does not have an intellectual disability and is thus eligible for the death penalty is inconsistent with the Supreme Court's 2017 decision in Moore v. Texas.

Cases dismissed from merits docket

Department of Commerce v. U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, No. 18-557

Issue(s): Whether, in an action seeking to set aside agency action under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. § 701 et seq., a district court may order discovery outside the administrative record to probe the mental processes of the agency decisionmaker—including by compelling the testimony of high-ranking Executive Branch officials—when there is no evidence that the decisionmaker disbelieved the objective reasons in the administrative record, irreversibly prejudged the issue, or acted on a legally forbidden basis.
Term Snapshot
Awards