Issues: (1) Whether the First Amendment protects speech by a public official that is required by
law and that reports and exposes corruption; and (2) whether speech by a public official reporting
misconduct to external government officials,
outside the chain of command, is protected by
the First Amendment, as held by the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 5th,
9th and 10th Circuits, or whether such
speech is unprotected under Garcetti v. Ceballos as held by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit in this
case and by the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 6th and District of Columbia Circuits.
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