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Cherokee Nation v. Brackeen

Consolidated with:

Docket No. Op. Below Argument Opinion Vote Author Term
21-377 5th Cir. Nov 9, 2022
TBD TBD TBD OT 2022

Issues: (1) Whether the en banc U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit erred by invalidating six sets of Indian Child Welfare Act provisions — 25 U.S.C. §§1912(a), (d), (e)-(f), 1915(a)-(b), (e), and 1951(a) — as impermissibly commandeering states (including via its equally divided affirmance); (2) whether the en banc 5th Circuit erred by reaching the merits of the plaintiffs’ claims that ICWA’s placement preferences violate equal protection; and (3) whether the en banc 5th Circuit erred by affirming (via an equally divided court) the district court’s judgment invalidating two of ICWA’s placement preferences, 25 U.S.C. §1915(a)(3), (b)(iii), as failing to satisfy the rational-basis standard of Morton v. Mancari.

DateProceedings and Orders (key to color coding)
Sep 03 2021Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due October 8, 2021)
Sep 24 2021Motion of Chad E. Brackeen, et al. to extend the time to file a response from October 8, 2021 to November 8, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.
Sep 24 2021Motion of Texas to extend the time to file a response from October 8, 2021 to November 8, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.
Sep 27 2021The motions to extend the time to file responses are granted and the time is extended to and including November 8, 2021, for all respondents.
Oct 06 2021Waiver of right of respondent Navajo Nation to respond filed.
Oct 08 2021Brief amici curiae of Goldwater Institute, et al. filed.
Oct 08 2021Brief amici curiae of California, et al. filed.
Oct 08 2021Brief amici curiae of Casey Family Programs, et al. filed.
Oct 08 2021Brief amici curiae of 180 Indian Tribes, et al. filed.
Oct 25 2021Motion to extend the time to file a response from November 8, 2021 to December 8, 2021, submitted to The Clerk.
Oct 29 2021Motion to extend the time to file a response is granted and the time is further extended to and including December 8, 2021, for all respondents.
Dec 08 2021Brief of respondents Chad E. Brackeen, et al. filed. VIDED.
Dec 08 2021Brief of respondents Texas in opposition filed. VIDED.
Dec 21 2021Reply of petitioners Cherokee Nation, et al. filed. (Distributed)
Dec 22 2021DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/7/2022.
Jan 10 2022DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/14/2022.
Jan 18 2022DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 1/21/2022.
Feb 11 2022DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/18/2022.
Feb 22 2022DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 2/25/2022.
Feb 28 2022Petition GRANTED. The petitions for writs of certiorari in Nos. 21-376, 21-378, and 21-380 are granted. The cases are consolidated, and a total of one hour is allotted for oral argument. Parties that were plaintiffs/appellees in the lower courts shall file opening and reply briefs in conformity with Rules 33.1(g)(v) and 33.1(g)(vii), under the schedule set forth in Rules 25.1 and 25.3. Parties that were defendants/appellants in the lower courts shall file briefs in conformity with Rule 33.1(g)(vi), under the schedule set forth in Rule 25.2.
Feb 28 2022Because the Court has consolidated these cases for briefing and oral argument, future filings and activity in the cases will now be reflected on the docket of No. 21-376. Subsequent filings in these cases must therefore be submitted through the electronic filing system in No. 21-376. Each document submitted in connection with one or more of these cases must include on its cover the case number and caption for each case in which the filing is intended to be submitted. Where a filing is submitted in fewer than all of the cases, the docket entry will reflect the case number(s) in which the filing is submitted; a document filed in all of the consolidated cases will be noted as “VIDED.”
Jul 21 2022Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, Navajo Nation
Aug 03 2022ARGUMENT SET FOR Wednesday, November 9, 2022. VIDED.
Aug 31 2022CIRCULATED
Sep 12 2022Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 5th Circuit.
Sep 12 2022The record from the U.S.C.A. 5th circuit is electronic and located on Pacer.
Sep 13 2022The record received from the U.S.D.C. Northern District of Texas has been electronically filed.