on May 31, 2011 at 8:10 am
Returning from the Memorial Day holiday, the Court is expected to issue one or more opinions this morning, as well as orders from its May 26 Conference; our list of â€œPetitions to Watchâ€ for that Conference is available here. Over the weekend, coverage centered on two cases decided last week: Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting and Brown v. Plata.
In Brown v. Plata, a divided Court affirmed a three-judge district courtâ€™s ruling that overcrowding in California prisons is the primary cause of continuing violations of prisonersâ€™ constitutional rights to health care, requiring a reduction in the stateâ€™s prison population.
Some commentators, such as Debra Saunders at the San Francisco Chronicle, have echoed the concerns expressed by Justices Alito and Scalia in their dissents â€“ that the decision will lead to the mass release of prisoners and an increase in crime.Â But Jeanne Woodford (a former California prison warden) and Barry Krisberg, in an op-ed for the Los Angeles Times, insist that â€œCalifornians shouldnâ€™t panic,â€ arguing that â€œthe state won’t have to throw open the prison doors to meet the court’s order if it embraces very modest sentencing reforms.â€
Other articles and commentators have focused on the effect that the Courtâ€™s decision might have on Californiaâ€™s prison and criminal justice systems.Â At the Christian Science Monitor, Daniel Wood explores Governor Brownâ€™s options for prison reform, which depend on voter support and funding. Shima Baradaran criticizes Governor Brownâ€™s current proposal to shift prisoners to county jails, arguing in a New York Times op-ed that a â€œmore lasting solution to overcrowdingâ€ would involve â€œreform [of] the rules governing pretrial detention.â€ And in the San Diego Union-Tribune, Dana Littlefield reports that the decision â€œcould boost efforts to modify or repeal the stateâ€™s three-strikes law, which some say keeps nonviolent offenders in prison for far too long.â€Â Elsewhere, opinion columnist Mary Sanchez of the Kansas City Star (via the Miami Herald) warns that â€œno state is free of the mentality that led California to this juncture.â€
Still other commentators focused on Justice Kennedyâ€™s role as the author of the decision: Dan Morain of the Sacramento Bee notes that the court-appointed receiver who oversees the health-care system in California prisons is a former clerk to the Justice, while Bloomberg View columnist Noah Feldman explains why he believes that â€œitâ€™s Justice Anthony Kennedyâ€™s country â€“ the rest of us just live in it.â€
The other major decision from last week was Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting.Â In that case, by a vote of (mostly) five to three, the Court rejected a challenge to Arizona immigration laws that seek to curb the employment of unauthorized immigrants.Â The Arizona Republic summarizes the decision, reports on various responses to the ruling, and considers what effect the Courtâ€™s ruling may have on the other controversial Arizona immigration law, S.B. 1070. In a news analysis for the New York Times, Julia Preston describes the decision as an â€œenergy boostâ€ for other states with proposed bills to curb illegal immigration, but she concludes that it â€œremains unclear just how large the playing field is that the Supreme Court has openedâ€; on that note, the Salt Lake Tribune reports that on Friday a lawmaker proposed a Utah version of the Arizona law requiring employers to use of a federal electronic employment-verification system, also known as E-Verify. The editorial board of the Washington Post argues that the case â€œsends the message that states will act in the face of federal paralysis and that the Supreme Court is prepared to embrace at least some of those efforts.â€ Writing for the Legal Pulse of the Washington Legal Foundation, Richard Samp sees the case as â€œserv[ing] notice that it [the Supreme Court] is watching DOJ legal filings for potential inconsistencies on preemption issues.â€
Other opinions issued last Thursday also garnered some coverage: this blog featured an opinion recap by Amy Burns for Fowler v. United States, in which the Court interpreted the scope of the federal witness tampering statute can be applied, while James Bickford summarized the Courtâ€™s opinion in United States v. Tinklenberg, in which the Court interpreted the Speedy Trial Act Writing for this blog, Jennifer Clark summarized the opinion in Camreta v. Greene, which Steven Schwinn also analyzed for Constitutional Law Prof Blog.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â In his Sidebar column for the New York Times, Adam Liptak Â explains why Justice Stevens is â€œmore active than ever.â€
-Â Â Â Â Â Â The Associated Press reports on the Justicesâ€™ recent financial disclosure forms, which reveal that Justice Sotomayor received almost $1.2 million as an advance for her memoir; according to Greg Stohr of Bloomberg, the forms also show that Justice Breyer sold his Wal-Mart shares last year.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â Justice and Mrs. Alito attended yesterdayâ€™s game between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Washington Nationals game, reports Howard Bashman of How Appealing.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â At Concurring Opinions, Thomas Crocker considers Justice Alitoâ€™s use of the term â€œprivacyâ€ in his opinion for the Court in Kentucky v. King.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â The editorial board of the Los Angeles Times praises Acting Solicitor General Neal Katyal for his recent acknowledgement former Solicitor General Charles Fahy should not have withheld information from the Supreme Court regarding the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II.