on Jun 14, 2011 at 8:56 am
As the Term winds down, the Court remains busy: yesterday it issued decisions in four cases and granted certiorari in four more.
Yesterdayâ€™s opinion in Nevada Commission on Ethics v. Carrigan attracted the most coverage. In that case, the Court upheld the Nevada Ethics in Government Law, which bars legislators from voting on or advocating for a proposal when they have a conflict of interest; in so doing, as Lyle Denniston explains for this blog, the Court â€œreaffirm[ed] more than two centuries of law.â€ Bill Mears of CNN points out that the case â€œhits close to homeâ€ for the Court, given recent national debate over Supreme Court recusals; Rick Hasen of Election Law Blog reviews the opinion in detail and concludes that â€œthe most significant aspect of the caseâ€ is what it says about judicial recusal rules. As the Wall Street Journal notes, this decision â€œshows that the courtâ€™s conservative majority draws distinctions between electioneering, where it has viewed campaign finance regulations as inhibiting robust debate, and official acts.â€ And at Dorf on Law focuses on the campaign finance aspect, finding a â€œvery interesting disagreement lurking beneath the surfaceâ€ despite â€œthe unanimity of result in the Courtâ€™s decisionâ€; he posits that the Courtâ€™s four liberal Justices may have acquiesced in â€œScaliaâ€™s stingier interpretation of speechâ€ in the hope that the case will â€œbecome a useful precedent for upholding a particular form of campaign finance restriction: The requirement of a legislator’s recusal when the interests of major political backers are at stake.â€Â Â The Associated Press (via Google News), Washington Post, Constitutional Law Prof Blog, Los Angeles Times, USA Today, New York Times, and NPR all offer more coverage.
In Janus Capital Group v. First Derivative Traders, previously one of the oldest outstanding cases without a decision, the Court held that a mutual fund investment adviser may not be sued for securities fraud regarding false statements made in the mutual fund prospectus because the adviser did not itself â€œmakeâ€ the statements, as required securities laws. Daniel Fisher of the Forbes Full Disclosure blog notes that the case marks the end of the â€œplaintiffsâ€™ winning streak in securities cases before the U.S. Supreme Courtâ€; however, the editorial board of the Wall Street Journal points out that despite â€œusual howls that the ruling cuts off a major avenue for accountability in securities fraud, the SEC still has authority to go after secondary actors.â€ At Bloomberg, Greg Stohr offers a detailed explanation of the issues in the case, noting that the Court split along ideological lines; Courthouse News Service, the New York Times, and Reuters (via the Chicago Tribune) also provide background.
Also notable was the decision in Flores-Villar v. United States, in which an equally divided Court (with Justice Kagan recused) affirmed the decision of the Ninth Circuit, which in turn rejected a challenge to the constitutionality of a federal law that treats children of unmarried U.S. citizen fathers differently from the children of unmarried U.S. citizen mothers for purposes of obtaining citizenship.Â The Associated Press (via the Washington Post), Christian Science Monitor, and CNN all have coverage and note that the case did not set a national precedent, while at ACSblog, Sandra Park predicts that because â€œthis nationality law continues to treat fathers and mothers differently, [these] questions will likely be raised again, to be heard next time by all nine justices.â€
Finally, the Court also issued its decision in United States v. Jicarilla Apache Nation, holding that the fiduciary exception to attorney-client privilege does not extend to the trust relationship between Native American tribes and the United States. At the Atlantic, Andrew Cohen argues that the decision â€œundercuts the entire statutory and administrative framework that bears the governmentâ€™s relationship with the Apache Nation and other Indian tribes.â€ JURIST, Courthouse News Service, and UPI offer more coverage.
As Sentencing Law and Policy and Crime and Consequences both observe, three of the four petitions granted yesterday involve criminal law: Gonzalez v. Thaler, Setser v. United States, and Smith v. Louisiana. Lyle Denniston of this blog focuses on the significance of Smith v. Louisiana. Courthouse News Service explains the fourth petition granted yesterday in Hall v. United States, in which the Court will consider whether one must pay tax after declaring bankruptcy and making a profit on the sale of their farm. And Mark Walsh of Education Weeklyâ€™s School Law blog discusses one of the petitions that was denied yesterday, in a challenge to school-led recitations of the Pledge of Allegiance.
Finally, the Court will meet for another Conference — the second to last of the Term â€“ on Thursday.Â We expect the Court to issue additional opinions on Thursday as well.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â At Jost on Justice, Ken Jost considers the potential legacy of the Roberts Court.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â At Cato@Liberty, David Boaz writes about the forty-fourth anniversary of the Courtâ€™s decision in Loving v. Virginia â€“ and how it relates to the current debate on gay marriage in Perry v. Brown.
-Â Â Â Â Â Â Joan Biskupic of USA Today examines Justice Thomasâ€™s approach to criminal law cases.