|Docket No.||Op. Below||Argument||Opinion||Vote||Author||Term|
|11-393||11th Cir.||Mar 28, 2012||Jun 28, 2012||5-4||Roberts||OT 2011|
Holding: The Anti-Injunction Act does not bar a challenge to the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act’s “individual mandate” provision, which requires virtually all Americans to obtain health insurance or pay a penalty, even though the mandate has not yet gone into effect. Although the mandate is not authorized under the Commerce Clause, it is nonetheless a valid exercise of Congress’s power under the Taxing Clause. Finally, the Medicaid expansion provision of the ACA violates the Constitution by threatening states with the loss of their existing Medicaid funding if they decline to comply with the expansion.
Judgment: Affirmed in part and reversed in part, 5-4, in an opinion by Chief Justice Roberts on June 28, 2012. The Anti-Injunction Act does not bar the challenge to the constitutionality of the mandate, and five Justices (the Chief Justice, joined by Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayor, and Kagan) agree that the individual mandate is constitutional. Seven Justices (the Chief Justice and Justices Breyer and Kagan, along with Justices Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas, and Alito) agree that the Medicaid expansion violates the Constitution. Justice Ginsburg filed an opinion concurring in part, concurring in the judgment in part and dissenting in part, in which Justice Sotomayor joined, and which Justice Breyer and Kagan joined except as to Medicaid expansion. Justices Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas and Alito filed a dissenting opinion. Justice Thomas filed a dissenting opinion.
From the Oral Argument
Merits Briefs for the Petitioners on Severability
Amicus Briefs in Support of the Petitioners on Severability
Merits Briefs for the Respondents on Severability
Amicus Briefs in Support of the Respondents on Severability
Merits Briefs for the Court-Appointed Amicus Supporting Severability
Amicus Briefs in Support of the Court-Appointed Amicus
BREAKING: In 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court ALLOWS Alabama to execute Alan Miller, whose lethal injection was scheduled for tonight. In a brief shadow-docket order, SCOTUS lifts a lower court's injunction that had blocked the execution. Barrett joins the three liberals in dissent.
JUST IN: By a 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court DENIES Yeshiva University's emergency request to intervene now in a dispute over whether the university must recognize an LGBTQ student group. Roberts and Kavanaugh join with Sotomayor, Kagan, and Jackson. https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/21pdf/22a184_3ea4.pdf
Two justices worked for Kenneth Starr early in their careers. John Roberts was his deputy when Starr was solicitor general during the George H.W. Bush administration. Brett Kavanaugh clerked for Starr on the D.C. Circuit and was on Starr's team for the Clinton investigation.
Thanks @marinklevy for joining us on the latest episode of SCOTUStalk!
On today's SCOTUStalk episode @marinklevy joins to talk new-justice history, including the time Earl Warren rushed across the country to take his seat and showed up with the wrong type of robes.
Speaking in Colorado last night, John Roberts announced that members of the public will be allowed to attend oral arguments when the new term starts next month, according to press reports. It will be the first time the Supreme Court will reopen since the start of the pandemic.
Here is Sotomayor's brief order in the clash between Yeshiva University and a student Pride Alliance.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor has put on hold a NY state trial court's order that would require Yeshiva University to recognize an LGBTQ student group. In a brief order, Sotomayor stays the lower court's order "pending further order of the undersigned or of the Court."