Issue: Whether the First Amendment and the Supreme Court’s decision
in NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. foreclose a state-law negligence action making
a “leader” of a protest demonstration personally liable
in damages for injuries inflicted by an unidentified
person’s violent act there, when it is undisputed that
the leader neither authorized, directed nor ratified
the perpetrator’s act, nor engaged in or incited
violence of any kind.
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