|Docket No.||Op. Below||Argument||Opinion||Vote||Author||Term|
|09-529||4th Cir.||Dec 1, 2010||Apr 19, 2011||6-2||Scalia||OT 2010|
Holding: Ex Parte Young allows a federal court to hear a lawsuit for prospective relief against state officials brought by another agency of the same state. (Kagan, J., recused).
Plain English Holding: To comply with a federal statute that provides funds to states for the care of people with disabilities, Virginia established a state agency to advocate on behalf of patients in state institutions. The Supreme Court held that Virginia cannot invoke its sovereign immunity to prevent that agency from suing state officials for a court order requiring the officials to comply with the federal statute.
Judgment: Fourth Circuit reversed, 6-2, in an opinion by Justice Scalia on April 19, 2011. Chief Justice Roberts filed a dissenting opinion, joined by Justice Alito. Justice Kennedy filed a concurring opinion, joined by Justice Thomas. (Kagan, J., recused).