Issues: (1) Whether the First Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the State of New York from compelling an entire profession, namely individuals who operate family daycare businesses, to accept a mandatory representative for lobbying and contracting with the State over regulations and policies that affect that profession; and (2) whether a private party that violates a citizen's First Amendment rights is immune from liability for damages under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 if that party acted with a “good faith” belief that its unconstitutional conduct was lawful.
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