Holding: The authorization of suits against the government for “actual damages” in the Privacy Act of 1974 is not sufficiently clear to constitute a waiver of sovereign immunity from suits for mental and emotional distress.
Judgment: Reversed and remanded, 5-3, in an opinion by Justice Alito on March 28, 2012. Justice Sotomayor filed a dissenting opinion, joined by Justices Ginsburg and Breyer. Justice Kagan took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
Merits Briefs for the Petitioner
Merits Briefs for the Respondent
Amicus Briefs for the Respondent