Issue: Whether Congress violates the First Amendment
by making it a crime for individuals who lawfully
reside in the United States, but are neither U.S.
citizens nor “permanent residents” under the
immigration laws, to make independent expenditures
or campaign contributions in connection with any
federal, state, or local election; or whether, as the
district court held, the ban satisfies strict scrutiny as
a “piecemeal” attempt to reduce the “influence” on
“how voters will cast their ballots” of aliens whom
Congress may suspect of lacking “primary loyalty” to
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.