Editor's Note :

Editor's Note :

At 9:30 a.m. on Monday we expect additional orders from the Court's November 25 Conference. On Tuesday, December 2, we expect one or more opinions in argued cases; we will begin live blogging shortly before 10:00 a.m.

Petition of the day

By on Nov 25, 2014 at 10:15 pm

The petition of the day is:

14-370

Issue: Whether the term “judicial district” in section 1692i of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act should be defined with respect to state law, by determining the smallest unit into which the state consistently and uniformly divides itself (as is the rule in the Second Circuit), or whether the term should be given a federal common law definition that asks what is the smallest geographic area relevant for state court venue (as held by the Seventh Circuit below).

Refusing to postpone acting until state courts rule on the issue, a federal judge in Little Rock on Tuesday struck down the Arkansas ban on same-sex marriage.  This was the second ruling against such a ban in a state within the geographic region of the federal Eighth Circuit, setting up another test case for the federal appeals court in that region — an area for which there is no recent appeals court ruling on the controversy.

U.S. District Judge Kristine G. Baker found that the state ban violated the right of two lesbian couples to join equally in the fundamental constitutional right to marry.  One of the couples was married in Iowa and seeks to have that marriage officially recognized in Arkansas; the other couple seeks to marry   A state judge in Arkansas has also struck down the state ban, and the Arkansas Supreme Court held a hearing last Thursday on the state’s appeal in that case.

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Today’s news coverage features a vigorous debate over last night’s announcement that a grand jury in Missouri declined to indict police officer Darren Wilson for his role in the death of Michael Brown, an unarmed African-American teenager. Some believe that Wilson clearly should have been indicted for an unnecessary and unjustified killing; others counter that the grand jury process allowed the development of facts which show that Wilson acted well within the rules governing law enforcement and self-defense. In this column – which we hope to make a recurring feature on the blog – I hope to situate this legal news in the context of relevant Supreme Court decisions (here, decisions about how grand juries work), and in doing so help to advance a better understanding of both the news and the law.   Continue reading »

Posted in Analysis, Featured
 
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The Supreme Court, in a pre-holiday Conference, agreed on Tuesday to rule during the current Term on the authority of police when they attempt to deal with a mentally disturbed person who is armed and violent, and on the Environmental Protection Agency’s authority to regulate mercury pollution from electric power plants.   Hearings on the cases are likely to be held in March.

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Moving rapidly to help persuade the Supreme Court to take up the same-sex marriage issue promptly, Michigan officials filed their brief Monday night in a key case from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit — the only federal appeals court in the recent round of rulings to uphold a state’s ban on such unions.

The state’s brief was sent to the Court three weeks earlier than it would have been due.  Although in favor of early review by the Justices, state officials continued to defend their ban, arguing that the Sixth Circuit got it right in declaring that the question should be left to the will of a state’s voters.

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Capture

How to prepare for oral argument; answering the questions asked; and the (limited) relation of ideas of Justices, the Court, and jurisprudence to the reality of oral argument.

“Just the way they say, ‘Battle plans never survive contact with the enemy,’ oral argument plans never survive contact with the Court.”

In this six-part interview, Eric Schnapper — Supreme Court advocate and holder of the Betts, Patterson & Mines Professorship in Trial Advocacy at the University of Washington School of Law — discusses his background, from Yale Law School to a twenty-five-year career at the NAACAP Legal Defense Fund to legal academe; how Supreme Court advocacy differs from other legal advocacy; the importance of legal briefs and their relation to oral argument; what one can and cannot prepare for in oral argument; and stories and what one learns from a long career as a Supreme Court advocate.

Posted in Everything Else
 
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Tuesday round-up

By on Nov 25, 2014 at 8:02 am

Briefly:

  • In his Sidebar column for The New York Times, Adam Liptak discusses whether there is a “tipping point” at which the Court may feel ready to invalidate state practices, such as bans on interracial marriage, and what that might mean for the challenges to state bans on same-sex marriage.
  • In The New Yorker, Jill Lepore has the story of the “biggest heist in the history of the Library of Congress” – the theft of “more than a thousand pages from the papers of the U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter.”
  • In The National Law Journal, Marcia Coyle reports on the case of Mark Christeson, a Missouri death row inmate whose petition for certiorari the Justices will consider today.
  • At ThinkProgress, Bryce Covert reports that forty-three “sexual harassment cases have been dismissed” in the wake of Vance v. Ball State University, a 2013 decision in which the Court held that – for purposes of vicarious liability under the Civil Rights Act – a “supervisor” is someone who is authorized to take tangible employment actions against the victim.

[Disclosure: Tejinder Singh of Goldstein & Russell, P.C., whose attorneys contribute to this blog in various capacities, serves as counsel on an amicus brief in support of the petitioner in Christeson.]

Posted in Round-up
 
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Petition of the day

By on Nov 24, 2014 at 10:08 pm

The petition of the day is:

14-407

Issue: Whether, if a state appellate court rejects an unpreserved federal claim after assessing whether the “plain error” exception to state preservation requirements permitted review, but does not explain its reasoning, a federal habeas court should conclude that the state court ruled on the federal claim’s merits, such that federal court review is appropriate.

 
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